Create an enterprise model which brings tradition and innovation together in the vineyards, as well as the winery; this is the double challenge which Cottonera production philosophy bases itself on. In the vineyards, where grapes are grown without an irrigation system, nearly all operations are carried out by hand, by a team of 25 women.
These women also harvest, as is traditional on Mt. Etna, and something which Cottanera fully intends to preserve. On the 65 hectares of vineyards both autochthonous and international varieties are grown. The land is unique and gives rise to an extremely variable ampleographic picture.
Mt. Etna is a very unusual zone compared to most of the Sicilian territory: unusual in climate, soil and in the particular combination of both, with a unique balance between the various elements which characterise the great "terroirs" of the world.
High levels of rainfall, but not in excess, allow regular ripening, but this rainfall is compensated for by good draining soil, which prevents stagnant damp and health problems for the vines.
Relatively high temperatures during the day allow synthesis of polyphenolic compounds and increase wine concentration, but rapid falls in temperature during the night produces levels of long-lasting aromatic freshness rarely found in southern wines.
Temperatures would normally be slightly too low for a late grape such as Nerello Mascalese but this is compensated for by the volcanic soil which, warming early in spring, brings on budding and ripening without harming the flavours, which can happen at higher temperatures.
As often happens with the best known territories in the viticulture world, this complex, perfect balance between terroir elements results, in an almost provocative way, in wines where balance emerges through the exaltation of each character, clearly perceived by the senses.